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Exploring Physical Therapy Careers: Specialties and Salaries

Key Takeaways

  • Diverse Specialties: Physical therapy offers a range of specialties, each with unique challenges and focus areas such as orthopedic, pediatric, geriatric, neurological, cardiopulmonary, sports, and more.
  • Average Salaries: Salaries vary by specialty, generally ranging from $80,000 to $95,000 per year, with home health physical therapy typically at the higher end.
  • Focus Areas: Specialties focus on specific patient needs, including musculoskeletal injuries, children’s developmental disorders, age-related issues, neurological conditions, heart and lung conditions, sports injuries, and women’s health.
  • Treatment Techniques: Each specialty uses different techniques, such as manual therapy, strength training, aerobic conditioning, balance exercises, pelvic floor exercises, and water-based therapy.
  • Career Alignment: Understanding these specialties helps DPTs, SPTs, and NPTE candidates align their career goals and find their niche, considering both personal interests and financial rewards.
Physical therapist kneeling beside a patient on crutches, discussing career opportunities, specialties, and salaries in physical therapy. The image includes a call to action to 'Get Started' and branding for Typical PT. - Typical PT

Physical therapy (PT) is a rewarding career with numerous specialties, each offering unique challenges and opportunities. Whether you are a Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT), a student physical therapist (SPT), or preparing for the National Physical Therapy Examination (NPTE), understanding the various PT specialties can help you align your career goals. Let’s dive into the details of different PT specialties and their average salaries.

1. Orthopedic Physical Therapy

Focus: Musculoskeletal injuries and disorders  

Average Salary: $84,000 – $90,000 per year  

Details: Orthopedic PTs treat conditions affecting bones, muscles, ligaments, and tendons. Common treatments include manual therapy, strength training, and rehabilitative exercises. This specialty is ideal for DPTs and SPTs focusing on physical therapy and musculoskeletal health.

2. Pediatric Physical Therapy

Focus: Infants, children, and adolescents  

Average Salary: $80,000 – $85,000 per year  

Details: Pediatric PTs specialize in treating developmental, neuromuscular, skeletal, or congenital disorders in children. They design treatment plans to improve mobility, strength, and coordination. Pediatric physical therapy is crucial for young patients requiring specialized care.

3. Geriatric Physical Therapy

Focus: Elderly patients  

Average Salary: $80,000 – $85,000 per year  

Details: Geriatric PTs address issues related to aging, such as arthritis, osteoporosis, balance disorders, and joint replacement. Their goal is to improve mobility and reduce pain. This specialty is vital for DPTs and SPTs aiming to enhance the quality of life for elderly patients.

4. Neurological Physical Therapy

Focus: Neurological conditions like stroke, multiple sclerosis, and Parkinson’s disease  

Average Salary: $85,000 – $90,000 per year  

Details: Neurological PTs help patients regain function and improve their quality of life through exercises that promote motor skills, coordination, and balance. This field is essential for DPTs focusing on neurological rehabilitation and physical therapy.

5. Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy

Focus: Heart and lung conditions  

Average Salary: $85,000 – $90,000 per year  

Details: Cardiopulmonary PTs work with patients suffering from cardiovascular and respiratory conditions. Treatments include breathing exercises, aerobic conditioning, and strengthening activities. This specialty is critical for those in physical therapy addressing heart and lung health.

6. Sports Physical Therapy

Focus: Athletes and sports-related injuries  

Average Salary: $84,000 – $90,000 per year  

Details: Sports PTs specialize in preventing and treating sports injuries. They develop rehabilitation programs to help athletes recover and improve their performance. This specialty is ideal for DPTs and SPTs focusing on sports medicine and physical therapy.

7. Women’s Health Physical Therapy

Focus: Conditions specific to women’s health, such as pregnancy and postpartum care  

Average Salary: $80,000 – $85,000 per year  

Details: Women’s health PTs address issues like pelvic pain, incontinence, and recovery post-childbirth. They use a variety of techniques, including pelvic floor exercises. This specialty is crucial for those in physical therapy focusing on women’s health.

8. Aquatic Physical Therapy

Focus: Water-based therapy for various conditions  

Average Salary: $80,000 – $85,000 per year  

Details: Aquatic PTs use water’s buoyancy to help patients perform exercises with less strain on their joints. This is particularly beneficial for patients with arthritis or those recovering from surgery. This specialty is essential for physical therapists utilizing water therapy techniques.

9. Oncological Physical Therapy

Focus: Patients with cancer  

Average Salary: $85,000 – $90,000 per year  

Details: Oncological PTs help cancer patients manage symptoms and side effects of treatment, such as fatigue, pain, and lymphedema. They design personalized exercise programs to improve strength and mobility. This field is vital for DPTs specializing in cancer rehabilitation and physical therapy.

10. Hand Therapy

Focus: Conditions affecting the hands and upper extremities  

Average Salary: $85,000 – $90,000 per year  

Details: Hand therapists treat injuries and conditions of the hand, wrist, and forearm. They provide rehabilitation for conditions like carpal tunnel syndrome, fractures, and tendon injuries. This specialty is critical for physical therapists focusing on hand and upper extremity rehabilitation.

11. Vestibular Rehabilitation

Focus: Balance disorders and dizziness  

Average Salary: $85,000 – $90,000 per year  

Details: Vestibular therapists work with patients experiencing dizziness, vertigo, and balance issues. Treatment often involves exercises to improve balance and coordination. This specialty is essential for DPTs and SPTs addressing vestibular disorders in physical therapy.

12. Pelvic Floor Physical Therapy

Focus: Pelvic floor dysfunctions  

Average Salary: $80,000 – $85,000 per year  

Details: Pelvic floor PTs treat conditions like incontinence, pelvic pain, and prolapse. They use exercises and manual therapy to strengthen pelvic floor muscles. This specialty is vital for physical therapists focusing on pelvic health.

13. Military Physical Therapy

Focus: Service members and veterans  

Average Salary: $85,000 – $90,000 per year  

Details: Military PTs provide care for injuries and conditions common among military personnel. They often work in military hospitals or clinics and may be involved in research on injury prevention and rehabilitation. This specialty is crucial for DPTs and SPTs working with military populations.

14. Home Health Physical Therapy

Focus: In-home patient care  

Average Salary: $90,000 – $95,000 per year  

Details: Home health PTs visit patients in their homes to provide care. This setting often requires PTs to be more flexible and creative in their treatment approaches due to the variety of environments they work in. This specialty is essential for physical therapists providing home-based care.


By exploring these specialties, DPTs, SPTs, and those preparing for the NPTE can find a niche that aligns with their interests and career goals, while also considering the financial rewards and challenges associated with each path. Whether you’re just starting in physical therapy or looking to specialize further, understanding these options can help guide your professional journey.

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